One of the most important things for the health of a man is to have the accurate test in the right time.
Since the tests enables to detect the disease in early stages without progression, they facilitate the treatment. Tests you need varies depending on your age and your risk factors.
Prostate Cancer Screening Tests
Prostate cancer incidence increase with age in men and it is asymptomatic in the early stages. Rectal examination, trans-rectal ultrasound, PSA levels and prostate biopsy is applied in the diagnosis of prostate cancer. In patients diagnosed with prostate cancer PET/BT application is provided to reveal whether the disease spread to a tissue such as bone, lymph node or lung.
Symptoms; It can not show specific symptoms due to slow progress. In advanced stages of the disease symptoms can occur such as obstruction in the bladder outlet, bloody urine. It can suggest that malignant prostate tumors in case prostate is hard as a stone and consisting rough surface or presence of nodules in the examination made. Prostate cancer can spread to regional and remote nodes, subcutaneous and bone marrow.
Do Not Skip the Prostate Examination
Men are recommended to have prostate control once a year after age of 45 and twice a year of age of 60. In these controls, the value of an antigen in the blood called PSA is examined after the examination of the prostate. If this value exceeds the normal level further examinations such as biopsy is done. Then switching treatment after diagnosis.
Cancer is Known Early with PSA
PSA is a test that is made specific antigen blood measurement and used for early diagnosis of prostate cancer. PSA is made by prostate cells and a portion of the produced PSA passes through the prostate into the bloodstream. This PSA level penetrated to blood is measured and used in prostate cancer screening. As age increases the amount of PSA in the blood is increased. In conditions such as prostate infections, growths of benign prostate or prostate cancer an increase in PSA will be occurred. Clinical applications such as digital rectal examination and prostate biopsy also increases the PSA level. If PSA levels are higher than normal in blood, other diagnostic tests are needed for a definitive diagnosis.
When to Have PSA?
Your doctor will guide you to when to have PSA tests and recommend one or more PSA measurement by taking into consideration the risk factors. Time to start the test can be summarized as
* Healthy normal men at age 50.
* If you have a family history of prostate cancer at age 40 (In these cases cancer can be detected more frequently than usual.)
* Upon detecting an abnormal finding in routine prostate tests.
* A number of clinical indicator of prostate. For example; frequent urination (especially at night), sudden acute urinary retention, urinary incontinence, while hematuria or peeing, in case of pain.
Testicular Cancer Screening
Testicular cancer is the 1% of the cancers in men. The most common is seen in men ages 15-35. Main symptoms are swelling of the testicles and is a sense of mass and weight. With simple self-examination in each month that will take only 2 minutes early signs of testicular cancer can be detected. Make the examination when the scrotum skin is loose after a shower or hot bath.