Uncontrolled development of breast cells and malignant tumors cause breast cancer. In our what are breast cancer symptoms in women article we have provided information about this issue.
Step 1 – Examine Your Breast
1. Mark your examination times on your calendar. You can make it preferably 5-7 days after the end of menstruation once a month. These examinations are important for you to recognize your breast’s regular feeling. Place your calendar in places you can see such as bathroom or bedroom.
2. Examine visually. Stand and go in front of the mirror. Check whether the shape, size and color of your breasts are normal. Consult your doctor if you see one of the following.
Swelling in the breasts except menstruation
Pitting, wrinkling or swelling on the skin
Changed position of the nipple
Redness, rash or sensitivity
3. Lift your arms up and repeat the previous examination. Check whether there is a discharge from the nipple. If there is any check its color and structure. Report the discharges occur without squeezing your breast to your doctor.
4. Touch your breasts. Bring the middle, sign and ring finger of your right hand together. Check your left breast with your three fingers by performing circular motion. The circumference of the circle should be 2 cm. Check from your collarbone to the bottom of your stomach. Repeat it with your other hand for your other breast. Also examine with vertical movements too in order to examine the whole region. Most of the women do this in shower.
Report tubers or other changes to your doctor.
While you are performing circular motion apply small, medium and hard pressure for each region. Apply low pressure for tissue near the surface of the skin, apply medium to feel more deeply, apply hard for areas close to the ribs.
Step 2 – Now the Risk Factors
1. Now the risk factors, early diagnosis is very important. If you have a tuber, if your risk factor is high and you are over 40 have a mammography.
2. Consider the genetic predispositions. If this disease occurred in your close acquaintances such as mother and sister the risk for you will be high. Gene mutations of BRCA1 and BRCA2 have high breast cancer risk. 5 – 10% of the breast cancers are caused by these genes.
3. Your medical history is important. You medical history has an effect on the breast cancer. If you experienced in your single breast, you chances of experiencing again is high. Those who are exposed to radiation in the chest area in youth and childhood have high risk. Also those who started to experience menstruation before the age 11 have high risk too. For those who experience menopausal period after the average age has the same amount of high risk.
4. Your lifestyle is effective too. Obese people have higher risk of breast cancer. Breast cancer risk increases 15% in women who consume alcoholic beverages 3 times in a week. Those who smoke or began to smoke before their first child are in the risk group too.
Step 3 – Preventing the Breast Cancer
1. Visit your gynecological doctor regularly. Doctor will examine your breasts too during the gynecological examination. He / she may request mammograms if he / she detects something not normal.
2. Take regular mammograms. When you turn to 50 you need to take mammogram every two years until the age of 74. Recovery chance is higher in early diagnosis. You may have heard that process is painful however it is only momentary. Also it saves your life. If you are under high risk discuss the frequency of mammograms with your doctor.
3. Be fast and vigilant while asking for help. It is very important to know your breasts to understand the symptoms of breast cancer. Go to a doctor immediately if you detect any symptoms.
4. Create a prevention group. Be encouraging for your friends and family about taking mammogram by organizing a party in every year.